Fishermen say they are removing Indigenous lobster traps in western Nova Scotia
Published Sunday, September 20, 2020 1:24PM ADT Last Updated Sunday, September 20, 2020 7:16PM ADT
Members of the Sipekne'katik First Nation load lobster traps on the wharf in Saulnierville, N.S., after launching its own self-regulated fishery on Thursday, Sept. 17, 2020. The First Nation says a 1999 Supreme Court of Canada ruling, known as the Marshall decision, granted the Mi'kmaq the right to catch and sell lobster outside of the regular fishing season. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Andrew Vaughan
SAULNIERVILLE, N.S. -- A flotilla of non-Indigenous fishing boats moved into St. Marys Bay off western Nova Scotia on Sunday to remove lobster traps set by fishermen from the Sipekne'katik First Nation.
Colin Sproul, of the Fundy Inshore Fishermen's Association, said about 100 boats were removing the traps and fishermen were intending to take them to the wharf in Meteghan, N.S., later in the day.
Sproul said the fishermen were taking action on what they believe is an illegal out-of-season fishery because the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) has refused to do so.
"It's not going to take very long," Sproul said of the operation. "All of our members have been instructed not to engage with any Indigenous people or any types of violent acts. We are just looking to remain peaceful."
Sproul blamed the federal government for what was unfolding.
"When we are forced into this kind of position it's really indicative of how out of touch the government is with the situation down here in Atlantic Canada."
But the Sipekne'katik First Nation says its people have a treaty right to fish at any time. Indigenous fishermen set their traps Thursday, 21 years after the Supreme Court of Canada decided Donald Marshall Jr. had a treaty right to fish for eels when and where he wanted -- without a licence.
Tension has mounted since -- RCMP arrested two people on assault charges at the wharf in Weymouth, N.S., on Friday following reports of ugly confrontations over the First Nation's lobster fishing operation.
On Saturday, Indigenous fishermen set up a set up a blockade of rope and lobster traps at each end of the wharf in Saulnierville, N.S., in what they called a security measure.
Rhonda Knockwood, the First Nation's director of operations, said its fishermen and RCMP were documenting the actions of non-native fishermen on Sunday.
"They have a lot of video and are gathering evidence of criminal activity," Knockwood said. "We are keeping the peace here we are just trying to implement our (fishery) plan."
She said the RCMP was in the area but could only do so much to monitor the situation.
"The volume of boats that are on the water far exceeds the police," said Knockwood. "The Coast Guard and DFO have a responsibility on the water too and they are absent."
In a news release issued earlier Sunday, Sipekne'katik Chief Mike Sack said that he had held a "positive meeting" on Saturday with federal Fisheries Minister Bernadette Jordan to discuss a path forward. Sack said both had agreed to continue talks.
He expressed disappointment at reports that some traps lines had been cut overnight Saturday calling it "disheartening."
"Attempts to block our boats from fishing and our people from the wharf and ongoing damage caused to our vessels and equipment are our biggest concern right now," Sack said. "The RCMP has extended resources over the weekend however, additional resources maybe required as the fleet continues to harvest this week."
A statement from Jordan's office also said the talks with Sack were "constructive," and the minister reaffirmed her immediate priority was keeping people safe and de-escalating the situation in St. Marys Bay.
"Conversations will continue with Chief Sack and his council, as well as with Indigenous leadership and industry, in the hopes of fostering greater understanding," the statement said. "Our government will continue to work collaboratively with First Nation communities to fully implement their treaty rights."
In an email, DFO spokesman Stephen Bornais said Sunday that "the safety and security of all harvesters is our first priority."
Bornais said that Canadian Coast Guard vessels were in the area to monitor the situation, to provide support upon request, and to ensure that sufficient search and rescue capacity is present in the area in case it was needed.
"DFO is co-ordinating with local law enforcement to ensure fishing interactions in the area remain safe and respectful," he said.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published Sept. 20, 2020.