Northern Pulp: Supreme Court dismisses Nova Scotia's appeal on duty to consult
The Northern Pulp mill in Abercrombie Point, N.S., is viewed from Pictou, N.S., Friday, Dec. 13, 2019. (THE CANADIAN PRESS/Andrew Vaughan)
HALIFAX -- The Supreme Court of Canada has dismissed the province of Nova Scotia's bid to appeal whether it must consult with a Mi'kmaq community on how public money is provided to the Northern Pulp mill's effluent treatment plant.
The court typically doesn't provide reasons, and in a news release issued today says only it has dismissed the appeal with costs.
In November, Nova Scotia Supreme Court Justice Timothy Gabriel ruled that if the province becomes a financial backer of the effluent treatment plant, that would raises questions on whether the level of funding would mean "upgraded safeguards" in light of what the people of Pictou Landing First Nation have endured.
Gabriel said if the government consults on environmental aspects of the plant's construction, it should take a "holistic" approach and also consult on the financing it is willing to provide.
He concluded the Crown has a duty to consult with the First Nation, including on the issue of whether funding should be provided at all.
Before launching the appeal of the Nova Scotia court's ruling, Premier Stephen McNeil told reporters that while his government takes the duty to consult seriously, it didn't believe the concept applied in this case.
"We consulted with Pictou Landing First Nation when it came to closing Boat Harbour," McNeil said in early December.
"We'll be dealing with them when it comes to cleaning it up, but when it comes to dealing with the liability associated with that mill, that is the responsibility of government."
Later that month, McNeil announced the province had rejected Northern Pulp's plan for a new treatment system that would see it pump treated effluent into the Northumberland Strait.
Production was subsequently shut down at the mill after the province enforced legislation that closed the current effluent treatment facility and treatment lagoons at Boat Harbour, N.S., on Jan. 31.
McNeil's Liberal government made the commitment to Pictou Landing in 2015, after five decades of the wastewater flowing into the estuary on the edge of the reserve.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published March 26, 2020.